Kohlberg believed progression through these stages was one stage at a time. That is, individuals could not skip stages. They could not, for example, move from. Instead, Kohlberg focused on different stages or levels of moral judgment and Example: It would be bad for me to take my friend's toy because the teacher will. But Lawrence Kohlberg wanted to study morality, and did so using a most interesting (if Kohlberg outlined three broad levels and six more specific stages of moral . of people in the world, for example, tends to advance one's moral thinking. But the doctor scientist refused. Obedience and Punishment Orientation. Social Contract and Individual Rights. Children continue to accept the rules of authority figures, but this is now due to their belief that this is necessary to ensure positive relationships and societal order. A better way to see if all children follow the same order through the stages would have been to carry out longitudinal research on the same children. Instrumental Relativist Orientation Level Two: Obeying the rules is important because it means avoiding punishment. This forces the person to begin to think about what might lie beneath all the variation, and lead him or her to consider ultimate moral principles. What must I do to avoid punishment? At this stage, people understand that there are differing opinions out there on what is right and wrong and that laws are really just a social contract based on majority decision and inevitable compromise. Obeying the rules is important because it means avoiding punishment. I refuse to obey a law which treats a large portion of the population as second-class citizens. The best known moral dilemma created by Kohlberg is the "Heinz" dilemma, which discusses the idea of obeying the law versus saving a life. Lawrence Kohlberg was a moral philosopher and student of child development.
Aus: Kohlberg stages examples
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